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"I really didn't know much about stained glass, only what I'd

seen in gift shops," said Hal Williams, owner of Eagle Mountain

Stained Glass Studio in Ridgecrest, California. So it was back

in 1976, with "zero artistic background" that Williams and his

wife Mary decided to take a class on stained glass at the

community college. At that time they were both working as

paramedics in Las Vegas, Nevada, and had extra time between

shifts on the job.

Soon they became good friends with their instructor who owned a

stained glass studio. By the end of the year, Williams was hired

on at the studio as an apprentice. He stayed there for the next

two years, learning most of what he would need to know to start

his own business.

Then Williams moved to Houston, Texas, and started to work in

his own studio part-time while holding a full-time job in the

steel business. when Williams was laid off, however, her and his

wife decided to move back to their hometown Ridgecrest,

California -and start a stained glass business full-time. "Mary

knew people here, but I didn't know a soul," says Williams. "But

since I'd had some sales experience, I just started knocking on


Williams started a large studio at his home and worked out of it

for quite some time. He gained more experience and training by

attending various seminars and workshops around the country.


"All I had was the bare necessities - my hand tools and a

bench," says Williams. Eventually, for about $100 Williams

purchased a glass grinder used to grind glass down for precision

fitting. Next, he bought a diamond band saw for about $700. This

he used for tricky cutting such as 90 degree angles and cutting

that cannot be done by hand - it gives the glass worker a

professional cut. To round out his studio, Williams bought a

glass kiln for $2,000. The kiln is used for glass painting and

fusing. It is a necessity when one is restoring the windows of

old churches, which Williams has done. "Most of these tools are

not necessary when just starting out, but they do save a lot of

time for the professional," says Williams.

Initially, Williams made a large purchase of glass, lead, solder

and other supplies because he felt it was necessary to keep

these supplies on hand and ready. Since Williams was making so

many time-consuming trips to Los Angeles for his materials, he

decided to purchase a month's supply at a time. A month's worth

of supplies costs him between $1,000 and $1,500.

Other essentials for Williams office include a work table (which

he built himself for under $100) and a bench equipped with a

built-in light. He uses this bench to trace patterns onto the

stained glass pieces.


"Taking everything into consideration, if you are really

creative, you can start up for about $2,000," says Williams.

"That is if you start with a home studio." When you are building

the stained glass business from scratch, one of the first things

you should do is check your competition. This will tell you

exactly what supplies to carry. It is obvious that if you don't

have a wide pallet of colored glass to choose from, you will

lose your business to the guy that does.

If you do have competition, be sure there's enough consumer

interest to justify your new business. To attract customers to

your shop and widen your customer base, offer to teach what you

know. Williams went to the local college to offer to teach his

skills in stained glass, which they cordially accepted. He is

licensed and now teaches twenty-five students a semester.

He also approached local housing contractors and explained that

not only could he provide excellently crafted stained glass, but

he could also install it and do any necessary repairs on the

job. This appealed to them because it would save a considerable

amount of money. Their first contract was for stained glass work

on twenty-five new houses. Williams created stained glass for

front doors and side-lights. Popular colors are various hues of

blue, mauve, and desert shades for floral, animal, or desert


Williams has a regular business license to do stained glass

work, but if you also do the installation, work yourself you

must have a contractors license.


"Proper bidding, I think is very important in stained glass,"

said Williams. "If you underbid, you are going to eat it, and if

you overbid you are going to lose the job." Williams started out

bidding very low so he could get the jobs and prove himself. As

time went on he raised his prices, but he is still lower than

his competitors. Now he is well known in his area, and gets a

lot of good jobs.

Williams makes approximately $3,000 a month on custom work and

the sales of supplies, a figure which does not include his

contract work and teaching. Williams also has a gift shop in his

downtown studio. "To make a decent wage you have to charge a

decent price," says Williams.


Although he gets excellent exposure at his street-front

location.. Williams still advertises. He has tried radio and

newspapers, but finds that he gets the best results from the

local swap sheet. He also carries a large ad in the Yellow

Pages. Word of mouth has also been a very important advertising


"We listen to what the customer wants, show him what we  can do,

and do the job right," says Williams. The Williams may expand

even further someday, if they ever get the time, but right now

their prosperous stained glass studio is keeping them very busy.


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